Chemists Without Borders was founded by Bego Gerber and Steve Chambreau in response to an article ("Carbohydrate Vaccines") that was published in Chemical & Engineering News on August 9, 2004. Bego was appalled that there was an outstanding vaccine against typhoid fever sitting on the shelf not being utilized while over 10 million people around the World are infected with this terrible disease. The mortality rate for untreated typhoid is 12-30%; treated, it is less than 1%. There were needs not being met, there were resources not being used. This prompted a letter to the editor ("An Ailing Cure", C&EN, September 13, 2004) suggesting the creation of Chemists Without Borders to bring an end to such maldistribution.